What is Web Testing
Web testing is basically the testing of a web application for potential bugs before the code is moved into a production environment.at this stage, different issues functionality, security of a website, interface issues are resolved.
Different types of web Testing:
Functionality Testing: In this testing, Product is tested by the tester that it fulfills all functional requirements that are charted out in the developmental phase. In this phase, Web application links, forms, HTML, CSS, cookies are tested.
Usability Testing: Usability testing is vital testing nowadays in web application testing. This testing is done by testers like you or small group similar to the target audience of the web application. In this testing visibility of all navigation menu, buttons, links are tested.
Interface Testing: There are three areas tested here:
Application: Test requests are directly sent to the database and output at the client side is correctly displayed. If there are any errors that will be shown to the administrator, not to the end user.
Web server: Test web server directly handles all application requests without any service denial.
Database Server: Make sure that all queries sent to the database give expected results.
4. Database Testing: Database is one of the critical components of the web application. So thorough testing of the database is important. Test for the errors while executing queries.
5. Compatibility Testing: In this testing, tester tests the web application that its browser compatible or not. Mainly compatibility issues are found in UI. Because some CSS rules vary from one browser to another.
6. Performance Testing: In this testing web application is tested that it works fine under load times. The application is tested under low and peak load times. Gzip compression, the server-side enabled cache is used to increase the performance of an application.
7. Security Testing: Security testing is important for an e-commerce site which stores user data like credit cards.Tester test that unauthorized access to secure pages should not be permitted, Restricted files should not be downloadable without appropriate access
8. Crowd Testing: In crowd testing, You will select a large number of people who do testing. With crowd testing, many unnoticed errors are detected easily.
Automated Web Software Testing
Automation testing means running the software programs for the execution of test cases automatically and produce the test results without any human intervention.
It is one step ahead and unique from the manual testing. It saves the human effort and time up to a greater extent and it also leaves no or very less scope for errors in testing. Once ready, automated tests can be run any number of times to test the same application to minimize the errors.
Automation vs. Manual Testing:
Here are some points that compare the automation and manual testing:
Automation Testing is the most accurate testing that executes test cases by using software programs. Manual testing is less accurate because of the error of human.
Automation testing is faster than manual approach because it runs by software tools. Manual testing takes time because test cases are executed manually by a human.
In automation testing investment is required on software tools and in manual testing investment needed on human resources.
Automation testing is a practical option in that case in which test cases are run repeatedly over a long time and manual testing is a practical option in that case in which test cases are run once or twice and not needed frequently.
Tools suited for automation Web Testing:
Here are some tools that are useful for automated web testing :
Zephyr: Zephyr is a very demanding testing tool that provides end to end solutions to agile teams. If you need the better software release faster you have to use this tool. This tool is easily integrated with JIRA, Confluence, Bamboo and other more.
Ranorex: Ranorex is the best all-in-one tool that is used for automation testing. It is useful for beginners because it provides a codeless click-and-go interface. It performs cross-browser-testing and also runs locally and remotely.It integrates with leading solutions like GIT, Bamboo, Jenkins etc.
Squish: Squish is the new GUI automated test tool. It is basically used for performing the regression testing and system test of the graphical user interface. It supports all major Gui tools. This tool performs powerful and reliable object identification and verification.
QMetry Automation Studio: QMetry Automation tool is the best leading automation software testing tool that built on Eclipse IDE and open source frameworks, Selenium and Appium.
Tricentis: This tool is used for reinventing software testing for Developers. This tool provides the most conventional testing methods by doing scriptless end-to-end test automation, and the industry’s most extensive technical support.
Maveryx: This testing tool is a functional and regression tool. It provides the easy-to-use feature to beginners and experts to automate a wide range of applications.
TestCraft: This tool allows for fast test creation and execution while eliminating test maintenance overhead. Testers create full testing scenarios without coding. No programming skills required for using this tool.
Mabl: This tool delivers scriptless end-to-end test automation, integrated with your delivery pipeline, so you can focus on improving your app. Robust test output helps you diagnose and fix bugs fast before they impact your customers.
Functionize: It is cloud-based automated testing technology that combines functional, performance and load testing into a single platform. This tool executes thousands of tests in a minute from all desktop and mobile browsers.
*NOTE : "This study material is collected from multiple sources to make a quick refresh course available to students."