Quick Reference Study Notes for General Aptitude (Advanced)

General Aptitude

Introduction:
Aptitude is inborn potential to do certain kinds of work whether developed or undeveloped. Ability is developed knowledge, understanding, learned or acquired abilities (skills) or attitude.An aptitude may be physical or mental.

What is general aptitude test?
An aptitude test is a systematic means of testing a job candidate's abilities to perform specific tasks and react to a range of different situations. The tests each have a standardised method of administration and scoring, with the results quantified and compared with all other test takers.

 

Types of general aptitude:

  1. Numerical reasoning tests - These tests require you to answer questions based on statistics, figures and charts.

  2. Verbal reasoning tests -  A means of assessing your verbal logic and capacity to quickly digest information from passages of text.

  3. Diagrammatic tests - Tests that measure your logical reasoning, usually under strict time conditions.

  4. Situational judgement tests - Psychological tests that assess your judgement in resolving work-based problems.

  5. Inductive reasoning tests - Tests that identify how well a candidate can see the underlying logic in patterns, rather than words or numbers.

  6. Cognitive ability tests - A measurement of general intelligence, covering many categories of aptitude test.

  7. Error checking tests - An unusual type of aptitude test that focuses on your ability to identify errors in complex data sets.

  8. Spatial awareness tests - These tests assess your capacity to mentally manipulate images, and are often used in applications for jobs in design, engineering and architecture.


 

These types are divided into majorly three sub-section :

  • Quantitative Ability: Number System, Time, Speed & Distance, Time & Work, Percentage, Profit & Loss, Averages, Ratio & Proportions, Problem on Trains, Boats and Streams

  • Logical Ability: Number & letter Series, Verbal & non-verbal Reasoning, Syllogism, Blood Relation & Direction Sense

  • Verbal Ability: Reading Comprehension, Jumbled sentences, Synonyms & Antonyms,Error Spotting,Sentence Corrections

 

Quantitative ability topics:

  1. Number system: Questions covered under this topic  are Face value and

 place value of digit, tests of divisibility, HCF and LCM of numbers, decimal

 fractions.

EXAMPLES:

Que1: Is the number 66666 is divisible by 24?

Que2: Find the highest common factor of 36 and 84?

     2. Percentage: Questions covered under this topic are percentage fraction,      

               results on population, results on depreciation.

EXAMPLES:

Que1: Evaluate 28% of  450 + 45% of 280?

Que2: What percent of Rs. 2650 is Rs. 1987.50?

    3.  Profit and Loss: Questions covered under this topic are cost price, selling

              price, gain, loss.

EXAMPLES:

Que1: If the cost price is 96% of the selling price, then what is the profit percentage?

Que2: The ratio of the cost price and the selling price is 4:5. The profit percentage is?

    4.  Problem on Trains: Questions covered under this topic are to calculate

               length, time taken of the moving and standing trains.

EXAMPLES:

Que1: A train moves with the speed of 108 kmph. Its speed in metres per second is?

Que2: A train speeds past a pole in 15 seconds and a platform 100 metre long in 25 seconds. Its length is?

    5.  Time and Work: Questions covered under this topic are to calculate the

              amount of time taken by an individual/s to complete a particular work.

EXAMPLES:

Que1: A does a work in 10 days and B does the same work in 15 days. In how many days they together will do the same work?

Que2: 10 women can complete a work in 7 days and 10 children take 14 days to complete the work. How many days will 5 women and 10 children take to complete the work ?

    6.  Boats and Streams: Questions covered under this topic are to calculate

               Speed of boat and person at upstream, downstream and still.

EXAMPLES:

Que1: A man can row upstream at 8 kmph and downstream at 13 kmph. The speed of stream is?

Que2: The speed of boat in still water is 15 kmph and the rate of current is 3 kmph. The distance travelled downstream in 12 minutes is?

Logical Ability topics:

  1. Number and Letter series: Questions covered under this topic is to pick odd

 man number or alphabet out and series

EXAMPLES:

Que1: Complete the series: 2, 5, 9, 19, 37,...?

Que2: Complete the letter series: scd, tef, ugh, ___, wkl?

  1. Verbal and Non-Verbal reasoning:

Verbal reasoning tests assess your understanding and comprehension skills. You will be presented with a short passage of text which you'll be required to interpret before answering questions on. These are typically in the 'True, False, Cannot Say' multiple choice format, although there are a range of alternatives too. Some of the verbal reasoning topics are blood relation test, direction sense,syllogism, seating arrangement ect.

Non verbal reasoning is a test that involves ability to understand, interpret and analyse the visual data solve problems using. It aims at agree to the terms of use and privacy policy. Some of the non-verbal reasoning topics are analogy, analytical reasoning, classification ect.

a) Blood Relation Test: Questions covered under these topics are to find out the                    relation of the person w.r.t. other person.

EXAMPLES:

Que1: Pointing to a photograph of a boy Suresh said, He is the son of the only son of my mother.How is Suresh related to that boy?

Que2: If A is the brother of B; B is the sister of C; and C is the father of D, how D is related to A?

b) Direction Sense: in this questions to find the direction of the person or object under certain cases are covered.

EXAMPLES:

Que1: One morning Udai and Vishal were talking to each other face to face at a crossing. If Vishal's shadow was exactly to the left of Udai, which direction was Udai facing?

Que2: If South-East becomes North, North-East becomes West and so on. What will West become?

c) Syllogism: Under this in each of the following questions two statements are given and these statements are followed by two conclusions numbered (1) and (2). After reading the conclusions we have to decide which of the given conclusions logically follows from the two given statements, disregarding commonly known facts.

EXAMPLES:

Que1: Statements: Some actors are singers. All the singers are dancers.

            Conclusions: Some actors are dancers. No singer is actor.

Que2: Statements: Some papers are pens. All the pencils are pens.

             Conclusions:Some pens are pencils. Some pens are papers.

 

d) Seating Arrangement: In this we have to tell which person is seating where in a row or circle.

EXAMPLES:

Que1: A, P, R, X, S and Z are sitting in a row. S and Z are in the centre. A and P are at the ends. R is sitting to the left of A. Who is to the right of P?

Que2: A, B, C, D and E are sitting on a bench. A is sitting next to B, C is sitting next to D, D is not sitting with E who is on the left end of the bench. C is on the second position from the right. A is to the right of B and E. A and C are sitting together. In which position A is sitting ?

e) Analytical Reasoning: Questions related to no of shapes in a given figure is covered under this.

EXAMPLES:

Que1: Find the number of triangles in the given figure?

Que2: Find the minimum number of straight lines required to make the given figure?

 

f) Classification: In each problem, out of the five figures marked (1), (2), (3), (4) and (5), four are similar in a certain manner. However, one figure is not like the other four. We have to find the figure which is different from the rest.

 

g) Analogy: Under this each of the following questions consists of two sets of figures. Figures A, B, C and D constitute the Problem Set while figures 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 constitute the Answer Set. There is a definite relationship between figures A and B. We have to establish a similar relationship between figures C and D by selecting a suitable figure from the Answer Set that would replace the question mark (?) in fig. (D).

 

Verbal ability topics:

  1. Synonyms and antonyms:  This contains questions in which a word or phrase that means exactly or nearly the same or different as another word or phrase in the same language.

EXAMPLES:

Que1: In the following the question choose the word which best expresses the meaning of the given word “CORPULENT”?

Que2: In the following question choose the word which is the exact OPPOSITE of the given word “EXODUS”?

 2. Spotting Errors: In this a sentence is given and in each sentence we to find out  whether there is any grammatical error in it. The error, if any will be in one part of the sentence.

3. Ordering of words and sentences: In this some words of a given sentence are jumbled up or various sentences from a paragraph are jumbled up. We have to find the correct order of words or sentences for a given problem.

NOTE : "This study material is collected from multiple sources to make a quick refresh course available to students."

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